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China-based Fuyao Glass Industry Group, whose U.S. plant was the subject of the Oscar-winning documentary “American Factory” in 2020, plans to raise to HK$4.3 billion, or $550 million, in a stock sale amid improvement in its business this year, according to a Hong Kong Stock Exchange filing on Sunday.

The glass supplier, whose auto industry customers include Toyota, Volkswagen, General Motors, Ford and Hyundai, plans to sell 101.1 million shares at HK$42.64, representing a fully diluted 3.9% stake.  Fuyao’s shares trade in Hong Kong and Shanghai.

Fuyao expects that China’s automobile industry “will recover and rebound in 2021” compared with pandemic-hit 2020, the company said in the statement. “By using the funds raised from the placing in its working capital, debt repayment, research and development projects, photovoltaic glass market expansion and general corporate uses, the company may further expand its business and optimize its capital structure,” the statement said.  Fuyao, which generates nearly half of its sales from outside of China, also aims to “attract more international reputable investors with strategic value and improve (the) equity structure of the company.”  

Revenue last year fell by 5.7% to 19.9 billion yuan, or $3 billion; net profit declined by 10.3% to 2.6 billion yuan.  Operations recovered in the first quarter, however: operating revenue rose by 37% to 5.7 billion yuan and net profit increased by 86% to 855 million yuan.

China is the world’s No. 1 automobile market; auto sales in the country rose by 75% in the first quarter of 2021 to 6.5 million units. China also makes approximately 80% of the world’s solar panels; the country’s Xinyi Glass and First Glass Group are two of the world’s largest suppliers of photovoltaic glass. Fuyao, founded in 1987, said about 10% of  funds raised from its new stock sale would be used “to expand the photovoltaic glass market and general corporate uses.”

Fuyao’s U.S. factory is located in Moraine, Ohio. Besides China and the U.S., Fuyao has manufacturing sites in 10 other countries including Russia, Germany, Japan and South Korea; it employs more than 27,000 worldwide, according to the company’s website.

Fuyao’s chairman Cho Tak Wong has a fortune worth $4.3 billion today on the Forbes Real-Time Billionaires List.  His son Tso Fai is vice chairman.  Xinyi Solar’s main shareholder Lee Yin Yee has a fortune worth $4.9 billion and Flat Glass Chairman Ruan Lianghong’s is worth $4.9 billion.  

See related posts:

China’s Richest Man in Solar Talks About Falling Costs, Global Growth

China Holds Promise For Global Businesses Despite Uneven Recovery: Authors

Finding Wealth In China’s ‘Time Machines’: 2021 Forbes Midas List’s Jing Hong



Eli Broad, who amassed a multi-billion-dollar fortune from his home-building and insurance businesses, and used his wealth to fund cultural improvements throughout his adopted hometown of Los Angeles, died Friday at age 87. 

Key Facts

A spokeswoman for the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation confirmed his passing to the New York Times Friday evening, which she said came after a long illness. 

Broad died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Key Background:

Broad was born in New York in 1933. The only child of Jewish immigrants from Lithuania, his family moved to Detroit in 1940, where his father painted houses and ran five-and-dime stores. While attending high school and college, Broad worked odd jobs, including selling ladies’ shoes operating a drill-press at the Packard Motor Company. After graduating from Michigan State University in 1954, he married Edythe Lawson and took a job as an accountant, earning less than $68 a week. A few years later, he borrowed $12,500 from Edythe’s patents to start a home construction company in Detroit that’s now known as KB Home. “If you play it safe all of the time, you don’t get very far,” Broad later said. After growing that business into a nationwide success, he began focusing on the insurance industry, purchasing Sun Life Insurance. In 1998, Broad made more than $3 billion when American International Group acquired the company for $18 billion. After retiring, Broad “turned full-time to philanthropy.” 

Big Number:

$6.9 billion. That was Broad’s net worth as of Friday, according to Forbes


In total, the Broads’ two foundations, the Broad Art Foundation and the Eli and Edythe Broad Foundation, which supports medical research, public education, have issued over $4 billion in grants. In 2008, Broad gave the Los Angeles Museum of Contemporary Art a $30 million grant to bail it out of a financial crisis. He also gave $50 million to the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and helped finance the Walt Disney Concert Hall. In 2015, he opened his own art museum, called The Broad, which holds more than 2,000 contemporary art pieces from his personal collection. 

Surprising Fact:

In 2019, Broad wrote an op-ed in the New York Times entitled: “I’m in the 1 Percent. Please, Raise My Taxes.” In the piece, Broad explained, “it’s time for those of us with great wealth to commit to reducing income inequality, starting with the demand to be taxed at a higher rate than everyone else.” 

Crucial Quote: 

“Let’s admit out loud what we all know to be true: A wealth tax can start to address the economic inequality eroding the soul of our country’s strength,” Broad wrote in his NYT op-ed. “I can afford to pay more, and I know others can too.”

Further Reading:

Eli Broad, Who Helped Reshape Los Angeles, Dies at 87 (NYT) 

The Art of the Billionaire (New Yorker) 

I’m in the 1 Percent. Please, Raise My Taxes. (NYT)

It seemed like a ready China business-book hit: Juan Antonio Fernandez and Laurie Underwood, two business professors in China, last year updated their successful book from 2006 “China CEO” with a new look at how foreign companies have been faring in the country’s fast-growing economy. “China CEO II” highlights hiring, digitalization and consumer power through interviews with 25 leading multinationals including leaders from McKinsey, Microsoft, Bayer and Coca-Cola.  

Then Covid upended business globally. GDP contracted, work-from-home has become a global normal, Zoom meetings have been adopted by millions, and transportation has become disrupted. Hundreds of thousands have died, variants are still wreaking havoc from India to Brazil, and geopolitical tension has increased globally.

China’s economy has been something of an outlier. Business rebounded earlier than elsewhere owing to effective early control of the pandemic.  The country enjoyed 18% year-on-year growth in GDP in the first quarter, and IPOs from the country’s businesses have been snapped up globally.  

What’s ahead for multinational companies in China? To learn more, I exchanged in April with the two “China CEO II” authors.  Fernandez is a leadership professor at the China Europe International School (CEIBS) in Shanghai, and Underwood is a senior consultant at Sino Associates and adjunct professor with the Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, an international business school in Suzhou. The two have an audiobook version of “China CEO II” coming out in June. Excerpts follow.

Flannery: How has the business outlook for foreign companies changed in China since your book was published a year ago? What’s the impact of Covid-19 for foreign companies, and how are they adapting?

Underwood: Because China passed through the pandemic much more quickly than most of the rest of the world, the impact on businesses here has been vastly different. Generally speaking, foreign companies in China went from the initial disruption into a ‘new normal’ faster and more efficiently than counterparts outside China.

The new normal for MNCs in China post-Covid varies mainly based on industry. As in other countries, China’s e-commerce and delivery models flourished during lockdowns and then just continued booming. Covid fueled already strong ecommerce platforms and gave rise to new ones which identified underserved consumer segments. This helped retail and FMCG (fast moving consumer goods) players who had already embraced digitization – especially those expanding into tier two and three cities, where consumer power is growing fast. MNCs which follow China’s massive e-commerce shopping days (11-11 and 6-18) and leverage trends such as livestreamed ecommerce using Chinese KOL ‘super sellers’ are flourishing. L’Oreal is an example of MNCs fully mastering China’s unique e-commerce ecosystem.

On the other hand, for MNCs that view China as one piece in their global supply chain and primarily consider China as a manufacturing site, Covid has caused more uncertainty. The pandemic, as well as poor trade relations with the U.S., has disrupted logistics and complicated customs and deliveries. Post-Covid, many international manufacturers in China who previously sourced internationally are now sourcing more from within itself China to reduce uncertainties.

Fernandez: China went into the pandemic with stronger economic growth than nearly any other nation, then quickly came out of the pandemic to see rebounding economic growth. Thus, China-based MNCs with a business strategy focused more on China have rebounded fastest. Both finance and technology came out stronger after the crisis, with growth of 6% and 13%, respectively. For the service sector, any MNCs in China focused on travel, hospitality or education all suffered the most.

Generally speaking, before Covid, many MNCs were racing to embrace and take part in China’s digitization. This trend has only increased in speed and scale post-pandemic. Foreign companies which were highly digitalized have had a milder impact from Covid.

Flannery: In the book, you note gains behind made by women in the C-suite over the years in China. Do you expect that to continue in the future? 

Underwood: The increase in women in C-suite positions is probably unstoppable in China at this point. The increase in female CEOs heading MNCs in China was one of the most encouraging trends we saw in the release of our new book in 2020 compared with the original book published in 2006. Women CEO interviewees were among the most impressive top executives in the book.

Turning back to the impact of Covid, the pandemic has wreaked havoc on the professional advancement of women worldwide because women have disproportionately borne the brunt of family burdens caused by school closures as well as more often facing job cutbacks or loss. This situation has been less serious in China, but one area still lacking is the enforcement of protections for pregnant women and new mothers in the workplace, as well as equal pay for equal work.

Fernandez: While none of the 20 China CEOs interviewed in our first book were women, the China CEOs of IKEA, Bayer, Manulife-Sinochem and Standard Chartered – all women – were interviewed for the second. Today, the top executives for China at Apple, McDonalds and Starbucks are also women. This is a trend that will surely continue. In addition, today’s China also offers women opportunities in entrepreneurship. The digital revolution has made launching e-commerce businesses accessible for many women. Finally, we see very encouraging trends toward more women joining MBA, EMBA and GEMBA programs in China. In many cases, the ratio of women to men in Chinese business school programs is now close to 50-50.

Flannery: You mention in the book that great potential for businesses can be found in China’s less developed regions. To what extent has Covid fallout in China’s economy affected that outlook for the next few years?

Underwood: China’s less developed regions offer vast potential to MNCs and are generally booming across many industries now. Evidence of this can be seen in the meteoric rise of the e-commerce platform Pinduoduo, which launched in 2017 and now – amazingly — rivals Alibaba in revenue. Pinduoduo smartly targeted two consumer segments which were overlooked by Alibaba and – China’s elderly and consumer’s in less developed cities. The strategy has clearly worked.

Fernandez: When you travel in China today, you see the relentless and very rapid growth and development of the developing regions. One of the biggest drivers has been the central government’s support for eliminating poverty and supporting infrastructure modernization such as the rapid spread of the world’s best high-speed train network. Another factor: while Chinese are not traveling abroad due to Covid, they are traveling within China. Domestic travel is booming, creating vast opportunities for savvy MNCs.  

Flannery: To what extend will the global push for net zero carbon create opportunities for foreign businesses? 

Juan: MNCs in China are definitely taking the new net-zero deadline seriously. One example: Apple in China has already nearly reached the level of zero emissions. For MNCs, achieving net-zero is not just about money but also improved reputation and helps to attract top talent to their organization. Many MNCs are taking the lead in purpose-driven strategies, which serves to attract young Chinese who seek to make a difference with their careers. In today’s China, fewer young professionals are attracted to manufacturing; more gravitate toward the booming digital sector.


Singapore-listed Olam International said its food ingredients subsidiary is buying Olde Thompson, a U.S.-based maker of private label spices and seasonings, at an enterprise value of $950 million.

The agricultural commodities trader said in February that it has appointed financial and legal advisers to prepare for the initial public offering of Olam Food Ingredients (OFI), which supplies cocoa, coffee, nuts, spices and dairy. OFI said the acquisition of Olde Thomson will transform its spice business and be earnings accretive from the first year onwards.

“Growing our offerings of private label solutions is right at the heart of OFI’s strategy–and within that spices is one of the most attractive and growing categories, especially in the U.S.,” OFI’s CEO Shekhar Anantharaman said. “This will enable us to offer consumers a comprehensive range of bold, authentic, natural taste and flavors with end-to-end traceability.”

The transaction, which is expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2021, is expected to generate potential EBITDA synergies of as much as $30 million, OFI said.

Olam was founded in 1989 by Sunny Verghese, who had regularly featured in the list Singapore’s 50 Richest until 2011. He lost his place in the rankings after Olam’s shares tumbled in 2012 as U.S. short seller questioned the company’s accounting practices and viability.

In 2014, Singapore state-owned investment firm Temasek boosted its shareholding in Olam and now holds 53%. A year later, Japan’s Mitsubishi invested $1.1 billion in the company and currently holds 17%.

Verghese, who has a 4.3% stake and currently is the group’s CEO, has been driving Olam’s expansion in recent years through acquisitions such as the purchase of Archer Daniels Midland for $1.2 billion in 2015, which, according to DBS Group Research, has made Olam one of the top three global cocoa processors.

Nexon Co., the South Korean online gaming company founded by billionaire Kim Jung-ju, said it has bought $100 million worth of bitcoin amid a rebound in the cryptocurrency.

Tokyo-listed Nexon joins a growing list of global companies, including Elon Musk’s electric carmaker Tesla, that have invested in the digital currency. Nexon’s bitcoin investment represents less than 2% of the company’s cash hoard as of December 2020.

“In the current economic environment, we believe bitcoin offers long-term stability and liquidity while maintaining the value of our cash for future investments,” said Owen Mahoney, president and CEO of Nexon.

The gaming giant has been on an investment spree since June last year, when it announced its plan to invest $1.5 billion in listed entertainment companies. So far, Nexon has invested $874 million in U.S. toy maker Hasbro and Japanese game companies Bandai Namco, Konami and Sega Sammy.

While bitcoin has been volatile, Mahoney said the investment “reflects a disciplined strategy for protecting shareholder value and for maintaining the purchasing power of our cash assets.”

Kim, who founded Nexon in 1994, was one of the biggest gainers on last year’s South Korea wealth rankings. He was ranked No. 3 with a net worth of $9.6 billion, up 52% from the previous year, as global lockdowns and social distancing gave people more time at home to play games. Major games published by Nexon include MapleStory, KartRider and Dungeon & Fighter.

“I think we’re going to look back in 20 years and we’ll say [the pandemic] was the turning point in the entertainment industry,” Mahoney told Forbes Asia in a video interview in July.

Singapore-based gaming gear company Razer has established a $50 million fund focused on environmentally-friendly startups as its peers across the tech space chase millennials and extra dollars by stressing eco-friendliness.

The fund, called Razer Green Fund, emerges a month into Razer’s 10-year plan to “preserve nature and protect the environment” through renewable energy and carbon-neutral projects, the company said in a statement. Over time, Razer, founded and led by Singaporean billionaire Min-Liang Tan, plans to make gamers worldwide “contribute to green causes,” the statement adds.

“Asian technology companies are morphing into global stakeholders,” says Abishur Prakash, a Toronto-based author on technology and politics. “This means these companies are beginning to rethink their relationship with the world, especially when it comes to sustainability and climate change. By acting this way, they are attracting certain demographics, like Gen Z and millennials, who care about sustainability and the environment.”

“I agree that millennials care about that kind of thing,” says Sean Su, an independent tech sector analyst in Taiwan. “And there’s money in this. If you have extra capital, I don’t see why you wouldn’t devote to doing this. E-corporations grow faster than regular ones because people feel good when they buy from them.”

Last year, Razer reported its first profit in six years, making $5.6 million in net income from $1.2 billion in revenue—up 48% from the previous year—as more people played games at home during the pandemic.

More on Forbes: Korea’s Gaming And Internet Moguls See Fortunes Soar During Covid-19 Pandemic

Razer Green Fund’s first investment is in The Nurturing Co., a Singapore-headquartered sustainable consumer products company, best known for its Bambooloo brand of toilet paper that uses environmentally-friendly paper packaging. In addition to its seed investment in The Nurturing Co., Razer will use Bambooloo at some of its offices, including its soon-to-open Southeast Asian headquarters and Malaysia office.

Investors of Razer Green Fund, which is managed by Razer’s corporate ventures arm, zVentures, will get a piece of Asia’s growing interest in sustainability while “alternative” vehicles are likely to drive transactions, says Alastair Sewell, a senior director of fund and asset management at Fitch Ratings.

A lot of companies have extra funds to invest because of the pandemic, Prakash adds, another reason for buying into green startups. “There is a massive amount of pent up demand in the corporate world,” he says.

Roy Chung, a cofounder of power tools maker Techtronic Industries (TTI), has joined the ranks of the world’s billionaires with an estimated net worth of $1.1 billion, thanks to the recent rally in the company’s shares.

Techtronic, which is known for its Milwaukee and Ryobi brand of cordless power tools, has seen its shares soar 244% since March last year as Covid-19 tilted the global economy into recession. Lockdowns aimed at slowing the spread of the illness proved to be an unexpected boost for the company: Consumers who were confined to their homes decided it was a good time to spruce up their surroundings with repairs and improvements, fueling demand for TTI’s line of tools and supplies.

The company that Chung, 68, and Horst Julius Pudwill, 76, cofounded in Hong Kong in 1985 has come a long way. Last month, TTI reported an annual revenue of $9.8 billion for 2020, up 28% from the previous year, narrowing the gap with global rival Stanley Black & Decker, which reported an annual revenue of $14.5 billion last year.

“We are positioned to capitalize on the many growth opportunities we have identified in the months and years ahead,” Pudwill, who is currently chairman of the company, said in a statement after Techtronic released its latest financial report.

Pudwill debuted on Hong Kong’s wealth ranking in 2014. His net worth of $1.14 billion placed him at No. 43 on the list, whereas this year he rose to No. 12 with a net worth of $6.7 billion. Pudwill recently featured in a Forbes Asia magazine cover story, where he and vice chairman Stephan Horst Pudwill (his son) discussed TTI’s adjustments to the pandemic.

Chung, nicknamed “The King of Power Drills” by local media, retired from his executive role at TTI in 2011, and now is said to be focusing on philanthropy though the Bright Future Charitable Foundation, which he established in 2015. The foundation provides scholarship for students to further their education, advocating lifelong learning and continuing education.

A native of Macau, Chung moved to Hong Kong in the 1960s when he was 16 years old. There he worked as warehouse keeper while studying in the evenings. Chung holds a doctorate degree of engineering from the University of Warwick, U.K., and a doctorate degree of business administration from the City University of Macau. He was named Hong Kong’s “Industrialist of the Year” in 2014.

One of the most remarkable trends in Asia over the past decade has been the surge in investment from China’s fabled BAT companies—Baidu, Alibaba, Tencent—and many others as they cashed in on sky-high share valuations at home and placed big bets on e-commerce, payments, and social media startups across the region. Many of these minnows have become unicorns in their own right, Gojek, Tokopedia, and Paytm being notable examples.

However, the question must surely be asked: With the disappearance of Jack Ma from public life, over the Chinese state’s apparent unhappiness over his outspoken style and the rise of Ant Group as a powerful competitor to the ossified state-owned banking system, is this the end of the investment surge in the region by China’s big-tech firms? Tighter regulation and scrutiny at home will surely force many of them to concentrate on the home market.

I watched Jack Ma up close in 2016 during the G20 Leaders’ Summit in his hometown, Hangzhou, as Chinese authorities showcased him to foreign leaders and business delegations as the symbol of China’s rising tech supremacy. This was, in retrospect, Peak Ma as he addressed CEOs at a business summit with his usual swagger and blunt language and was courted by the great and the good for selfies and handshakes. The rise of Ma and his cohorts in the tech sector certainly positioned Chinese capitalism in a more favorable light, far away from the image and reputation of state-owned enterprises who were regarded as a blunt instrument of Chinese foreign policy.

Since 2014, when China launched its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), the American Enterprise Institute estimates that Beijing ploughed around $29 billion into infrastructure projects in Southeast Asia. During the same period, Alibaba ploughed an estimated $4 billion into Indonesian e-commerce startup Lazada and quickly followed up by investing $1 billion in Tokopedia.

Not to be left behind, Alibaba’s principal rival Tencent has splurged on investments in Singapore’s Sea and Gojek (with the latter rumored to be in takeover talks with Tokopedia).

The founders of many of these startups regarded Jack Ma (and Pony Ma of Tencent) as natural role models and began to emulate them. Further afield in India, where Alibaba has also placed big bets (notably in payments startup Paytm), Jack Ma was regarded as a folk hero by young entrepreneurs until the recent China-India border tensions dampened enthusiasm in investments from China.

More on Forbes: India’s Curbs On Chinese Investments Compound Problems For Its Startup Ecosystem

Where does Alibaba and China’s other big tech firms go from here? It is obvious that Chinese regulators regarded the rise of Ant Group as a substantial risk to the banking system and recent efforts to curb its influence and operations should be seen in this context. This surely implies that Jack Ma’s ambitions of Ant Group serving as the financial services and payments backbone of Alibaba’s sprawling global empire is now on hold.

Ma’s rivals will learn important lessons from his disappearance from public life, at least for now, as a signal that they too should become more circumspect about the way they operate at home, collect and manage data, and in offering shadow financial services to their customers. This is also a major setback for Asian entrepreneurs and investors and they will have to find alternative sources of venture and seed capital, which will be difficult to source.

Even if the BAT companies make a triumphant return to the region by investing in startups, they might now face increased scrutiny by government agencies that increasingly view them as instruments of the Chinese state. The golden era of BAT investments in Asia may well have passed.

China’s power industry has underpinned the country’s rising economic heft over the years. When it comes to power generation, it’s big state-owned companies such as China Huadian and China State Power Investment that lead the way.

But when it comes to manufacturing solar equipment such as solar cells and panels, it’s more nimble private sector suppliers out front with more than half of the global market. Few have done as well as LONGi Green Energy Technology, the country’s No. 1 maker of solar modules, with sales of $8 billion in 2020 and a worldwide customer list that includes Tesla, D.E. Shaw, Engie, Enel and Adani.  LONGi, which today employs more than 60,000 people globally, has over the years delivered solar capacity (now-installed) that is three times that of China’s Three Gorge Dam, the world’s largest power station. The company’s successes – in shipments and the domestic capital market — have lifted its founder into the ranks of the world’s most successful business leaders. President Li Zhenguo (fortune $10.5 billion) is China’s richest man in solar and was one of three LONGi shareholders to make the 2021 Forbes Billionaires List unveiled earlier this month, along with early LONGi executive Li Zhunan ($5.8 billion) and investor Chen Fashu ($1.7 billion from solar).  LONGi’s market capitalization today is more $50 billion, propelled upward in the past year by the tripling of its share price at the Shanghai Stock Exchange. 

Li, 52, sees the business in a global and historical context. Climate change and environmental protection are global issues, Li says. “The majority of countries and economies in the world have made commitments to carbon neutrality around 2050 and 2060.  It’s a global trend to promote energy transition and expand the application of renewable energy,” he said in a recent interview with Forbes China in Shanghai.  “This is a common concern for all mankind that will no doubt lead to more market space” for LONGi, he believes.  

Yet it’s cold, competitive pricing and continued technology progress that also will be key to making that happen, he added.  Li expects solar costs per watt to fall 30% in the next five years and by half in the next decade, pushing up its importance in the overall $5 trillion energy industry.  The switch to global renewables was part of the conversation involving leaders of 40 nations on “Earth Day” today at the Leaders Summit on Climate organized by U.S. President Joseph Biden.

LONGi is headquartered in Xian, but its roots are spread across much of vast China. Li was born in Henan Province, the son of a geologist who was the only college graduate in his rural village.  The family moved to Xining, the capital of mineral-rich Qinghai Province, to get a formal urban residence permit and access to the better schools and healthcare that go with it in China. From there, Li enrolled in Lanzhou University’s physics department and graduated as a major in semiconductor materials. 

It was in Lanzhou that the beginnings of LONGi started to take shape.  Li drew inspiration from Lanzhou University’s president Jiang Longji, as well as calls by Deng Xiaoping at around the same time for the country to try new ways to get ahead.  Li took a job in a government company in Xian after graduation, working with silicon materials – “it was all I knew,” he chuckled — but decided in 2000 to take the plunge as an entrepreneur, founding LONGi with classmates and his wife Li Xiyan as a supplier of reprocessed silicon materials.  The alums named the new business “LONGi” after the Lanzhou University president. 

Compared with bustling, urbane Shanghai, Xian is a peaceful city with “a good research and development environment,” Li said. The ancient capital and silk-road trading hub today also has China’s third-largest number of college graduates each year, giving LONGi access to a lot of young talent. 

In its start-up days, LONGi had mixed results.  Li recalled taking on more projects than the company’s small staff was able to handle well.  For example, in 2003, a shipment to a customer in the Ukraine was rejected following inspection. The goods only made it back to China in 2004 after nearly a year at sea, but nevertheless sold at a higher price.  From this, he learned that “you make a mistake and a company could die,” Li recalled. “Failure didn’t lead to death” at LONGi, however, and the

founders decided to introduce new shareholders and narrow their focus on the emerging solar industry rather than semiconductor companies, having given more thought to the connections between the two businesses.     

By 2012, with more success under its belt as supplier of relatively efficient mono-crystalline wafers and ingot formed with silicon, LONGi Group raised the equivalent of more than $200 million in an IPO and went public at the Shanghai Stock Exchange.  By then, China’s global competitiveness in the industry supply chain was already taking shape: large-scale manufacturing capacity amplified the advantage of ample labor at internationally competitive wages. On the demand side of the industry, an ever-growing range of applications in off-grid set-ups and as well as new larger scale power-generation facilities helped orders flow. Plunging solar costs in the past 3-4 years in connection with technology advances are proving to governments and businesses that solar’s competitiveness is long-term, Li believes. That, in turn, has been encouraging both groups of customers to widely embrace zero-carbon goals for the middle of this century. 

Confidence is vital because the payback period with investments in solar isn’t short. Whereas home appliances will be used for 8-10 years and mobile phones for three years, solar panels are purchased with the idea they’ll be around for decades, Li said. Customers want to know if a supplier will be around for 30 years; if not, they won’t have confidence in you, he said. “Customers will care a lot about business sustainability and finance.  The development of your company is related to your financial sustainability,” adding: “LONGi happens to be good at this.”  

Profit growth of nearly two-thirds to $1.3 billion in 2020 from a year earlier helped LONGi last year pump more than $300 million into research, expand plant capacity, and increase its products and services. New targets: markets for building-integrated photovoltaics, or BIPV, and power-charging stations for electric vehicles. New financial support measures announced by the People’s Bank of China this year to encourage solar and wind energy businesses will give those industries more help. 

Globally, if solar’s share of total global electricity production can increase to double-digits from the current 7%, utilities will invest even more on their own in using and storing solar power.   “We have to take care of things at home” and be a technology leader, Li said.  “Then we will invest overseas depending on each country’s policies.” Last year, LONGi’s international sales increased by 70% to $3.3 billion.

One of those overseas customers, D.E. Shaw, is happy with the competitiveness of its products. Manhal Aboudi, an executive director at D. E. Shaw Renewable Investments, or DESRI, has known Li for about five years, since the two first met at a solar conference where LONGi’s president was” talking about his vision for the technology,” he recalled. “We had several meetings, and then it ended up that they actually developed the technology and the product.”     About two years after first getting acquainted,  DESRI, which owns and operates more than 40 renewable energy facilities across the United States, started placing orders for LONGi’s equipment. Li has a “strong technical background that has enabled him to deliver a product that is competitive in the market,” said Aboudi, who has visited LONGi’s plants in China and Vietnam: “We enjoy working with them and Mr. Li”; he expects to business with LONGi to expand in the future. 

For its part, LONGi – which says it has no plants in China’s controversial Xinjiang region — sees pros and cons of manufacturing at a U.S. location.  On one hand, the U.S. is promoting clean energy, not only for new plants but also as a replacement for older ones. On the other hand, “costs are too high,” Li said.  Construction expenses, for instance, are twice as much as China. And then, once a factory is built, it takes roughly 1,500 workers to achieve the output of 1,000 back home because of higher wages and limits on work hours, he noted. What’s more, the supply chain in the U.S. isn’t so complete. As a result, a U.S. project would need investment incentives and favorable policies, Li said. If available, “then we’ll do this,” he said. “We are constantly looking.”    

Though Li believes solar costs will continue to fall, storage costs of the energy generated need to decline further, he noted. Yet that isn’t deterring the executive from new long-term term ideas.   One is what he calls “solar for solar” power facilities located offshore that can be used to help desalinate seawater in desert areas. Water can then be brought onshore from offshore to support new green belts that absorb carbon.  “Turning deserts into oases and reducing carbon would be a good thing for the earth,” he said.  

Li increasingly shares his views and visions at international forums. LONGi became

“Turning deserts into oases and reducing carbon would be a good thing for the earth”

LONGi President Li Zhenguo

a member of the United Nations Global Compact in Sept. 2019; he spoke at the UN Global Compact 2020 Summit and expressed his belief that solar will replace traditional energy over time. 

Back at home, LONGi focuses on more than green initiatives.  Last year, it donated the equivalent of more than $1.5 million to support medical teams from Shaanxi Province that were working in Hubei to control the Covid-19 outbreak.  It also operates a “LONGi One Percent Foundation” that was registered with the Red Cross Society of China in 2010, and donates solar modules to help with poverty relief in Shanxi, Hebei and Hainan . 

Socially minded, well-off business leaders like Microsoft software Bill Gates elude passion for solving the world’s energy problems. Gates, for instance, this year authored “How to Avoid Climate Disaster” and has used his fame and fortune to promote ideas and investments that will hopefully lead to a net zero-carbon world at mid-century.  At a time of geopolitical rift between the U.S. and China, it’s easy to imagine that focused, technology-savvy billionaires such as Li might arise from China and speak to a global audience in a bigger way, too.  

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The latest pricy purchase in Florida, one of the state’s highest, goes to Oracle co-founder Larry Ellison. He purchased this Tuscan style mansion from Gabe Hoffman, founder of Accipiter Capital Management, for $80 million or just a shave over its asking price of $79.5 million, reports the Wall Street Journal. Hoffman bought the main parcel within what eventually became a 7.94-acre estate for $17.5 million in 2012. Ellison has extensive real estate holdings around the country, including nearly all of a Hawaiian island and a 246-acre expanse he plans to turn into a high-end resort.

At 15,514-square-feet, the seven-bedroom property has 520 feet of ocean frontage and is one of the few homes in Florida that allow for private helicopter landing, says the listing. Located in Seminole Landing, itself a gated community, the estate has its own private gated entrance adding to the privacy and security of the property. Seminole Landing is a high-end enclave of North Palm Beach with fewer than a hundred homes inside its boundaries. Currently there are only three listings actively on the market, ranging from $2.8 million to $8.2 million.

The home Ellison purchased is ornately-designed, with coffered ceiling details as seen in the dining room above or one-of-a-kind adorned ceilings seen in the kitchen below.

A covered outdoor patio has a built-in fireplace with open archways showing a view of the palm tress beyond.

The entrance has a sweeping curved staircase with candelabra-like sconces to illuminate the artwork.

The home also comes with a wine room, tennis court, pool and professionally landscaped gardens.

Chris Leavitt and Ashley McIntosh of Douglas Elliman represented the seller. Tonja Garamella of Douglas Elliman represented the buyer.